Oncology

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Oncology

The Department of Medical Oncology is committed to offering compassionate care to adult patients with cancer. As a team, we aim to provide the best possible outcome for cancer patients, whether that is cure, or palliation and prolongation of good quality life.

What is Medical Oncology?

Medical oncology provides diagnosis and treatment of all cancer types in addition to preventive measures and screening of healthy individuals under risk.   Treatment and observation plans for cancer patients are developed through a multi-disciplinary approach in cooperation with the departments of pathology, surgery and radiology with evidence-based data.

How is the treatment administered?

Treatment is given by intravenous or oral drug administration. The mode of administration varies according to the type of cancer. Treatment planning depends on the cell type of the cancer, the organ from which it starts, and the region where it spreads. Treatment decisions are made as a result of specialist doctors from many different branches seeing and evaluating the patient together. Each patient is evaluated separately. Therefore, each patient’s treatment is planned according to their own conditions, even if they have the same type of cancer.

Which methods are used in medical oncology?

The treatment is applied as adjuvant to reduce the risk of recurrence, neoadjuvant to make the mass suitable for operation or to protect the organ, and palliative to prolong life and improve quality of life in advanced disease. Treatment can be performed alone or in combination.

Chemotherapy, hormonotherapy, target-specific smart molecules, biological treatments / Immunotherapies are used in cancer treatment. Drugs used in cancer treatment are applied in all solid organ tumors as personalized treatments with extensive tests performed in light of modern molecular oncological developments.

The goal of chemotherapy is to ensure the destruction of cancer cells that grow uncontrollably due to some changes in their structure. In most cases, a combination of several drugs with different mechanisms of action is aimed at killing the cancer cell.

The hormonotherapy can be used in the treatment of hormone-sensitive tumors such as prostate and breast cancer.

The application is generally done by mouth.

Targeted therapies performed by identifying specific molecules carried by cancer cells but not found in normal cells are considered the most important developments in the last 10 years in cancer treatment. Targeted therapies are applied in many cancer types including breast cancer, bowel cancer, renal cell (kidney) cancers.

Immunotherapy, also called biologic therapy, is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body’s natural defenses to fight cancer. It uses substances made by the body or in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function. Immunotherapy may work by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, blocking cancer from spreading to other parts of the body or helping the immune system work better at destroying cancer cells

Which types of cancer are treated in our center?

In our center, multiple cancers such as breast cancer, lung cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, pancreatic cancer, liver cancers, gallbladder and tract cancers, head and neck tumors, osteosarcoma and soft tissue sarcomas, brain tumors, kidney-bladder cancers, prostate cancer, malignant melanoma, thyroid cancer , ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, testicular cancer, can be treated with medical oncology methods. Comprehensive testing is done utilizing the latest state-of-the-art diagnostic modalities within the field of molecular oncology.

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