Pathological Laboratory

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Department of Pathology Diagnosis and Treatment Service

Tissue and cell specimens of the pathological examination are examined using auxiliary techniques such as histo (cyto) chemistry, immunohisto (cyto) chemistry, immunofluorscence and FISH in addition to usual methods when necessary. In the area of histology, there are full-automatic tissue processors, paraffin tissue blocking devices, microtomes, water baths. Besides routine examinations, antigenic interactions called immunohistochemistry and special painting studies are carried out in tumoral tissues. In the cytology section, liquid-based cytology techniques are used for Pap (cervicovaginal) smears. Non-gynecological cytology specimens (sputum, body fluids) are processed and prepared by conventional techniques and dyes. Tissue or cytological specimens which are entered into the laboratory are taken by the technicians for the necessary procedures and are prepared efficiently and quickly by means of automatic devices and are ultimately subjected to microscopic examination by doctors. Laboratory archiving for tissue blocks and slides created for examination is done in the most detailed form. In addition, written documentation and quality control documents are recorded and stored in the most precise manner.



Liquid-based (Liqui-prep) Method

BODY LIQUIDS SEQUENCES: Pleura, Abdomen, Sputum, Urine, etc.

BRUSH (with brush): Broncial, BAL, Endocervical, etc.

FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY: Breast, Thyroid, Lymph nodule, Endoscopic, etc. 


GENERAL: Breast, Skin, Oral, Larynx, Lung, Lymph Nodule, etc.

ABORTION: PC, Endometrium, Endocervical

ENDOSCOPIC: Esophagus, Stomach, Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum, Colon

GYNECOLOGIC: Over, Endometrium, Cervix, Vagina, Vulva

UROGENITAL: Bladder, Testis, Penis, Prostate (Multi-quadrant needle, TUR)

ABDOMEN: Liver, Kidney, etc. (With special paint)

BONE: Decalcification process



UTERUS: Hysterectomy (total-subtotal), Myomectomy

ADNEXA: Unilateral-Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy

CERVIX: Conisation, LEEP



Appendectomy, Cholecystectomy, Splenectomy, Total/Partial

Organ Resections: Esophagus, Stomach, Colon, Rectum, Liver, etc.



Thyroidectomy, (total-subcutaneous), Laryngectomy (partial/total), Tonsillectomy, Adenoidectomy, Salivary gland (Parotis, etc.) Nasal Polyps, Lymph Nodule Excision


Prostate resection, Radical prostatectomy (with lymph nodes)


Mastectomy – Radical (with Axillary Lymph Cuff), Quadrantectomy, Lumpectomy


CASE CONSULTATION: Prepared Paraffin Tissue Block and/or Lam Examination

SPECIAL PAINTS: GMS, PAS, Masson Trichrome, Amyloid, etc.

IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY: MSI, Breast Receptors, S-100 etc.

Telepathology System

In our hospital “Telepathology system” exists and we work with professors who are experts in the world. We also provide consultation with experts in macroscopic or microscopic studies of the tests performed in these system laboratories.

Quality Control

The procedures performed in the various parts of the laboratory are controlled by the technicians, the pathologist and the physician for each operation or group of operations, according to the nature of the examination, with reference to standard control events. In cases where the positive and/or negative standard specimen does not result in appropriate results, the process renewed until compliance is achieved.


The Central Pathology laboratory is organized on a capacity to examine about 100,000 biopsies per year – around 120,000 cytology materials. Our pathology laboratory; hospitals, clinics and examinations.

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